Diabetic diet plan – Everything you need to know

In the diabetic diet, the consumption of simple sugars and foods with high glycemic index such as those containing white flours should be avoided. It is also necessary to reduce the portion of carbohydrates ingested in the diet, whether they are healthy, such as fruits, brown rice or oatmeal.

Reducing the amount of carbohydrates served in the dish is vital, because when consumed in excess in the same meal they stimulate the increase in blood sugar and, if this habit is frequent, blood glucose is uncontrolled and diseases associated with diabetes, such as heart disease, blindness or diabetic neuropathy.

It is possible that a diabetic person has a varied and balanced diet, having to make the diet a healthy lifestyle to avoid possible complications that may affect the well-being and health of the person suffering from this disease.

Type 2 diabetes diet
Type 2 diabetes is one that usually arises as a result of excess weight and poor diet, occurring in adulthood. This type of diabetes is easier to be controlled and improves with a reduction in weight, maintaining good nutrition and regular physical activity.

Foods allowed in type 2 diabetes
The foods that can be consumed in type 2 diabetes and that help maintain blood glucose are those rich in fiber, protein and good fats such as:

Whole grains: wheat flour, brown rice and pasta, oatmeal, whole wheat flour and popcorn;
Legumes: beans, soybeans, chickpeas, lentils, peas, peas;
Vegetables and vegetables in general can be consumed, except potatoes, sweet potatoes, yams and yams, as they contain a high concentration of carbohydrates, and must be consumed in small portions;
Meats in general, except processed meats such as ham, turkey breast, sausages, sausage, bacon, mortadella and salami;
Fruits in general, as long as 1 unit is consumed at a time;
Good fats such as avocado, coconut, olive oil, coconut oil and butter;
Oilseeds: cashew / merey / cashew, peanuts, hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds;
Milk and derivatives, choosing yogurts that do not contain sugar.
It is important to remember that tubers such as potatoes, sweet potatoes, yucca, potatoes and yams are healthy foods, but because they are rich in carbohydrates, they should be consumed in small amounts without abuse.

Recommended amount of fruits
Fruits contain their own natural sugar called fructose, so they must be consumed in small amounts by diabetics. The recommendation for consumption is 1 serving of fruit at the same time that, in summary, can be consumed in the following quantities:

1 medium unit of whole fruits such as apple, banana, orange, tangerine and pear;
2 thin slices of large fruits such as watermelon, melon, papaya and pineapple;
1 hand full of small fruits, being 8 units of grapes or cherries approximately;
1 tablespoon of dried fruits such as raisins, prunes and apricots.
It is also important to avoid the consumption of fruits in conjunction with other carbohydrate-rich foods such as white rice, bread and sweets, with fruits with low glycemic index being preferred,
Prohibited foods in the diet for type 2 diabetes
The foods prohibited in the diet for type 2 diabetes are those that contain simple carbohydrates, that is, they are foods that are absorbed very quickly in the intestine and cause blood sugar to rise much faster, creating hyperglycemias that uncontrol the diabetes. These foods are:

Sugar or foods that contain it;
Honey, fruit jelly, jams, syrups, confectionery and pastry products;
Sweets in general, chocolates and sweets;
Condensed milk and dairy products with sugar;
Sugary drinks such as soft drinks, industrialized juices and chocolate drinks;
Alcoholic drinks.
It is very important that the diabetic learn to read and interpret the nutritional labeling of the products before consuming them, because the sugar can be hidden and appear with other names such as glucose, glucose or corn syrup, fructose, maltose, maltodextrin or invert sugar

LunchDay 1Day 2Day 3
Breakfast (8:00 am)1 cup of coffee without sugar + 2 slices of whole wheat bread with 1 scrambled egg + 1 slice of melon.1 cup of coffee with milk and without sugar + 1 medium whole wheat tortilla with 2 slices of white cheese + 1 pear.1 glass of plain yogurt without sugar + 4 whole wheat toasts with white cheese + 1 medium apple.
Morning snack (10:30 am)

Type 1 diabetes diet
Type 1 diabetes is a little more difficult to control than type 2 diabetes, it arises in childhood or during adolescence and it is necessary to put injected insulin to regulate blood sugar.

In these cases, it is important to control with an endocrine and a nutritionist or nutritionist, since improper nutritional management can cause alterations such as growth retardation, sexual maturation and the emotional aspect of the child.

In this way, achieving a good control of the disease is not only achieved by strictly following the placement of insulin, but by establishing a balanced diet, which takes into account the child’s age, social conditions and the disease itself to improve its quality of lifetime.

The foods that should be consumed and avoided are the same as in type 2 diabetes, the only difference is that the amounts of carbohydrates to be consumed in all meals should be regulated, adjusting the dose of insulin to be injected, depending on the behavior of the blood glucose

Carbohydrate count
It is a simple and modern method of planning the diet of the individual with diabetes, whose main objective is to improve glycemic control and allows greater flexibility in the choice of food. It can be used in any of the diabetes, being mostly used in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

With this method, objectives are established in the consumption of carbohydrates and the dose of insulin is adjusted according to the variation of blood sugar, at each meal or snack. It is a useful tool to control blood glucose and avoid long-term complications, so it can be discussed with the nutritionist for its implementation. Diet for Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is a little more difficult to control than type 2 diabetes, it arises in childhood or during adolescence and it is necessary to put injected insulin to regulate blood sugar.

In these cases, it is important to control with an endocrine and a nutritionist or nutritionist, since improper nutritional management can cause alterations such as growth retardation, sexual maturation and the emotional aspect of the child.

In this way, achieving a good control of the disease is not only achieved by strictly following the placement of insulin, but by establishing a balanced diet, which takes into account the child’s age, social conditions and the disease itself to improve its quality of lifetime.

The foods that should be consumed and avoided are the same as in type 2 diabetes, the only difference is that the amounts of carbohydrates to be consumed in all meals should be regulated, adjusting the dose of insulin to be injected, depending on the behavior of the blood glucose

Carbohydrate count
It is a simple and modern method of planning the diet of the individual with diabetes, whose main objective is to improve glycemic control and allows greater flexibility in the choice of food. It can be used in any of the diabetes, being mostly used in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

With this method, objectives are established in the consumption of carbohydrates and the dose of insulin is adjusted according to the variation of blood sugar, at each meal or snack. It is a useful tool to control blood glucose and avoid long-term complications, so it can be discussed with the nutritionist for its implementation.

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